时态语法总览&非谓语动词之用法

只需一句话!轻松记住非谓语动词的所有用法

我们知道在英语中最核心的词是动词。英语中每一个句子都有一个动词,且只允许出现一个动词。如果再出现其他的动词形式,则需使用非谓语动词。只是非谓语动词的用法很多,很多学生不知从何下手记忆,下面我用一种方法教大家怎么记住。

什么是非谓语动词?

从字面上理解就是不能充当谓语的动词。其形式有to do(动词不定式)、doing(现在分词/动名词)、done(过去分词)。

非谓语动词与动词之间差异?

一、相同之处:两者都是动词,所以非谓语动词都具备有动词的功能,也就是说动词可以有主语、宾语、状语、宾补、表语,非谓语动词也同样可以连接这些成分。

二、不同之处:动词在句子中只能充当谓语,而非谓语动词在句子中唯一不能充当的就是谓语。换言之,只要记住非谓语动词不能充当的成分,剩下的成分它都能充当。动词构成的句型结构叫句子,非谓语动词构成的句型结构叫短语。短语唯一不能充当谓语。

动词构成句子

非谓语动词构成短语

doing在句子中充当成分

1、Swimming is his favourite sport.(Swimming充当主语)

2、He enjoys swimming. (Swimming充当宾语)

3、I found him swimming in the river. (短语Swimming in the river充当宾补)

4、His favourite sport is swimming.(Swimming充当表语)

5、He is the man swimming in the river just now. (短语Swimming in the river just now充当定语)

6、 Swimming in Summer ,we can get cool.(短语Swimming in Summer充当状语)

to do 在句子中充当成分

1、To see you is glad.(to see充当主语)

2、I want to see you.(短语to see you充当宾语)

3、.I want him to see you. (短语to see you充当宾补)

4、My hope is to see you.(短语to see you充当表语)

5、He is the man to see you.(短语to see you充当定语)

6、I’m glad to see you.(短语to see you充当状语)

done在句子中充当成分有:定语、状语和补语都是表达被动的意思

1、I heard the song sung in English .(短语sung in English充当宾补 )我听到这首歌被用英语唱。

2、Seen from the top of the tower, the factory looks beautiful.(短语Seen from the top of the tower充当状语)被从塔顶上看,这个工厂看起来漂亮。

3、This is the question discussed yesterday(短语discussed yesterday充当定语)这就是昨天被讨论的问题。


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